Cajon Drum Shop

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How To Build A Cajon

 

Materials Required.

The body of the cajon is made from 12mm Birch ply. Top and bottom 30cm x 30cm. Sides 30cm x 46cm.

The back and front are made from 4mm Birch Ply 2 pieces 30cm x 48cm

We are using a 20 strand 14” snare drum snare. And an angled block to attach the snare to.

You will also need so rubber feet, screws, varnish and some Danish oil.

 

Step 1.

02-build-router.jpg

 

Router the to and bottom of the cajon along two sides to make a simple joint.

I am using a 12mm router bit and taking out just over half of the depth of the wood.

 

 

 



Step 2

03-build-gluing.jpg

 

Next you need to put a line of glue into the joint (A good quality PVA wood glue).

04-build-clamping.jpg

And then clamp the top, bottom and sides together and make sure everything is square.



Step 3

05-build-soundhole.jpg

While the glue is drying you can prep the back and front.

 

The back of the cajon needs a sound hole cutting out. We are using a 100mm hole saw on a bench press. But this could be done with a jig saw or coping saw.

Once cut the edges of the hole can be cleaned up with a file or sandpaper.

07-build-varnish.jpg

Step 4.

 

The snares will sound a lot better if the inside of the playing surface are given a couple of coats of gloss varnish.

 

This makes a hard smooth surface for the snares to rattle agains.


Step 5.

08-build-snarecut.jpg

Next the snare needs to be cut in half. We are doing this with an angle grinder.

Once cut the two half snares can be fixed to the snare block. We find that fitting them just above the halfway mark on the block gives the best sound.

09a-build-snareblock.jpg

 


Step 6.

09b-build-snaresin.jpg

 

Now the snare block and snares can be fixed into the body of the cajon. (The image shows the cajon upside down).

The snare block should be placed about 1,5cm in from the front of the cajon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Step 7.

010-build-glue-front1.jpg

 

Now the back and front of the cajon can be glued in place and clamped.

Leave this for 24 hours to set.

012-build-glue-back.jpg


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Step 8.013-build-rasp.jpg

The cajon can now be rasped to get any excess glue off and to take the front and back down to the edges of the body.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Step 9.

015--build-sand2.jpg

Once the cajon has been roughly cleaned and shaped it is time to sand it down.

We use a 120g paper followed by a 340g

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Step 10.016-oil.jpg

 

Your cajon can now be finished in any way you choose. We use a couple of coats of Danish Oil. But you could paint it or varnish it.

 

 

 

 

 


 

Step 11.

018-feet.jpgFix rubber feet onto the bottom of the cajon and Vuala! You have a cajon drum.

 

017-finished.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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A great cajon with a wide range of sounds.

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